A flood can be defined as a large amount of water flowing beyond its normal confines, especially over dry land; in most cases causes damage and is, therefore, undesirable. The following are the four most devastating floods in the past ten years:
North Indian Floods (2013)
The states of Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand in Northern India suffered catastrophic floods from June 14th to 17th 2013. Over one hundred thousand people were rendered homeless, and five thousand seven hundred others died as a result of the flood. This was the worst natural disaster the country experienced ever since the tsunami in 2004.
The floods were primarily on such a large scale due to the debris of the dam constructions upstream. The debris resulted in river blockages that eventually caused the devastating flood.
16th June was the day that was recorded as having the worst flood effects. Destruction of roads and bridges left over 1000 tourists and pilgrims stranded in the valleys; this is what led to 3 of the 4 Hindu Chota Char Dham pilgrimage locations.
South Asian Floods (2011)
The monsoon season of 2011 left a record flood in Indochina that swept through several countries. The nations affected were Myanmar, Cambodia, Philippines and Thailand. Over 2828 people met their demise as a result of a series of flooding events of different origins in South East Asia. In Cambodia only, 80 children died of drowning.
These countries experienced property damages that amounted to billions of dollars, disruptions in technology supply chains and an acute shortage in parts. The school year schedule was also greatly disrupted due to the damage of school supplies and infrastructure.
Pakistan Floods (2010)
These began towards the end of July 2010. It was caused by the heavy monsoon rains in Balochistan, Punjab, Sindh and Pakhtunkhwa areas of Pakistan. These rains directly affected the Indus River basin that consequently resulted in the colossal flood. Over twenty million were directly affected by the flood waters.
The Pakistan flood destroyed property, infrastructure, and livelihoods in the above mentioned areas. The death toll was quite high, totaling to about 2000 people. The economy of Pakistan received a huge economic blow with damages estimated to the US $43 billion. 12 million homes were destroyed, 450’000 livestock lost, 10000 schools destroyed and 2.2 million hectares of crops completely damaged.
China Floods (2010)
These floods are estimated to have cost over $50 billion worth of damages, 300 people died, and 1000 died during the devastating natural disaster. Twenty-eight provinces in the Republic of China were directly affected by the China floods of 2010. Global warming is speculated to have been the cause of the floods. Flooding began in May and continued unabated until June.
Floods have always been around and will continue to occur even in the future. The only thing that will reduce the damages caused and loss of lives is the level of preparedness we exercise in readiness for them.